Egypt is entering a critical phase with its economic troubles and authoritarian regime strong fist that led to more radicalization among youth, especially in the peripheries in Sinai and elsewhere.
The “death of politics” is the title used by Dr. Amr Hamzawy to describe the current situation in Egypt as the political life in the nation is suffering as well as the civil society; the military junta are drafting more laws that aim for crippling the society and preparing the stage for the absolute power of the head of the state.
The government is also using the explosions and assassinations to legitimize the targeting of dissidents and deter the population from speaking about freedoms and rights on the pretext that the country is in a state of war.
On the other hand, there are growing signs that the armed groups in Sinai are attracting more recruits as they escape from the strong fist of the military who is demolishing their houses in the border line with Israel in Rafah and Sheikh Zuwaid on a systematic way, with widespread abuse against civilians in that region, who have been subjected to forced displacement and to the continuous shelling of their homes, in an area that lacks for development since decades, which prompted the people of those areas to join the militants in Sinai against the state.
The radicalization in peripheries is growing in the remote areas of Egypt, as these areas voted in favor of January revolution and its candidate ousted President Muhammad Morsi, as they strove to change the authoritarian course of the military junta ruling Egypt since 1952 coup.
The cooperation with Israel in the border against militants led to further discontent among the people of Sinai, which also contributed to the increase in the number of recruits to radical groups, who left between the hammer of the regime and the anvil of Israel, on light of the regime plan to evacuate the border line to secure Israel, preventing any cooperation between the militants and Hamas to exchange arms through the tunnels.
The Muslim Brotherhood is also losing control over its cadres who left unguarded in the streets, while the security apparatus targeting them with extrajudicial executions killing them in cold blood and arresting them without trials, which prompted the group to adopt self-defense or what they called “creative pacifism” and adopting blowing off electricity towers and police cars.
The collapse of the justice system with more repression after the coup will lead to an increase in extremism and a refusal among Islamists in particular of democratic solutions in the current situation, which may lead to the collapse of the state itself.
It is clear that the state is losing its battles on the political, economic and security levels, but it is a finger-bite game that the state decided to continue in playing it, regardless of any cost on various levels.